Surfing is currently the king of water sports and was once the sport of Polynesian kings. Practiced since time immemorial by the inhabitants of the islands of the South Pacific, discovered by European sailors in the 17th century and revived at the beginning of the 20th century by the Waikiki Beach Boys.
Since its creation, Surf has traveled its traditional Polynesian waters to the waters of California beaches with the help of writer Jack London, journalist Alexander Hume Ford and Irish-Hawaiian half-breed Georges Freeth, the first lifeguard of rescue in the United States. . United In the 21st century, surf has not only reached all oceans, it also extends to lakes and rivers around the world and has created a family of water sports for all tastes.
So far, the 10 modalities of water sports that derive from Surf variations are:
Surf The art of sliding on the surface of the water, called ‘he’enalu’ in Hawaiian and practiced for more than 1000 years in the Pacific Ocean. He is the king of water sports and one of the oldest practices of mankind.
Bodysurf | “Kaha Nalu,” perhaps Hawaii’s oldest surfing practice is to “drill” at sea with your own body to glide over the waves. For some, it’s the most authentic way to ride the waves.
Kayaksurf | A fusion of 2 traditional water sports, surfing and kayaking, using the power of the waves to fly over with a kayak and a small shovel. They were the lifeguards of the beaches of Australia or South Africa, in the 30s of the twentieth century, that they began to use to enjoy the waves of the same boats with which they saved the swimmers. Gradually, this practice became more popular until becoming a real sport.
Windsurfing | “Windsurfing” is also a form of navigation that consists of moving in the water on a surfboard equipped with a sail. Since the American Newman Darby made the first successful sailing on a lake in Pennsylvania in 1964, navigation has evolved considerably in terms of technology and variety and is one of the most popular forms of navigation.
Bodyboard | It is a form of surfing based on sliding on the surface or wall of the wave with a board, usually polyethylene or polypropylene. Created in 1971 by the Californian Tom Morey, inventor of the first bodyboard. There are 3 styles or ways to slide on a boogie:
- Prona or lie, the most common and the one that characterizes the Boogie Board.
- Pluck or kneel on one leg.
- Standing or standing on the board.
Kitesurf | First known as “Flysurf”, then as “Kiteboard” slides with a table on the water held by cables and a hook for a kite traction. Although there were precedents, we can consider that the “Kite” was born in Brest, Brittany (France) in 1985, during “Speed Week” with a prototype ski pulled by a flying sail designed by brothers Bruno and Dominique Legaignoux, who won the prize for the best invention of the annual festival of sailing enthusiasts.
Numerous technical innovations, such as comets or jet skis, have allowed the tribe of kings waves to extend its scope, with no other limits than those imposed by its fantasy and passion for surfing. As a result, innovative creativity and new technologies are combined with deep respect for traditional navigation techniques inherited from the past to discover new ways to tackle big waves. And maybe the evolution of surfing does not stop there …